Tuesday, November 30, 2010


"In a nation that these crooks cannot put 50,000 dollars into a local toothpick factory, it’s funny that a minister is concerned about what name its citizenry calls the nation" - Prince Charles Dickson

It could as well be your nation - read on: A Nation that Imports Toothpick

Sunday, November 28, 2010

Whither Mwalimu Nyerere's Nyumba ya Sanaa!

What is happening to the Nyumba ya Sanaa, also known as Mwalimu Nyerere Cultural Centre, is tragic as the photo above indicates. The quote below on Mwalimu Nyerere's rationale for its establishment makes this demolition much more unbearable! Save Nyumba ya Sanaa - this is it?

"To ensure sustainability of the arts, Nyerere created opportunities for artists to produce and survive on their own. Despite the fact that there was no clear policy, his speeches were mostly translated as policy directives. From his speeches one could sense his ideas, creativity and passion for art. He established Nyumba ya Sanaa (a house for artists) in 1974, positioning it in the middle of Dar es Salaam. He believed that if it could be efficiently utilised, it would reduce the syndrome of artists needing to beg to donors and the state, which enslaves them" - Vicensia Shule on 'Mwalimu Nyerere: The Artist' in 'Africa's Liberation: The Legacy of Nyerere'

Black Africans in Britain: Integration or Segregation Amongst What or Who?

Commentary in response to a thread shared on TzECA yahoo mailing list titiled "Black Africans in Britain: Integration or Segregation":

Integration or Segregation amongst what? Or amongst who?

If the promotion is for so called "whites" and or "blacks" then this question or equation has failed even before it gets any serious consideration, as the equation is completely invalid, incorrect and misleading. Many years ago, this was created and designed to oppress people. The oppressor used various means to ridicule others using features and pride as endowed by the almighty creator, to imply theirs was superior.

This was then but the effects still creep up in modern states via media, social services, normal conversation - in other words it is deep in our thoughts to a point not many even consider it as an original sin that requires mending. They will ask or say - "it does not Botha me" and yet we as people spend more time and energy trying to answer the effects, the outcomes as opposed to deal with the source of all issues, the cause. Historical wrongs and cannot be mended by applying the same original sin.

My call to fellow Africans and people of the world, is to reject all these forms of stealth "politics of pigmentation" irrespective whether they are applied consciously or subconsciously, and refuse being given labels by the so called social scientists, unless they reflect the dignity and respect rightly and correctly deserved.

Personally, I have made a firm decision (and I live by it to the word) that I will not participate in any of the surveys that put people into boxes and make decisions based on what they so perceive to be "widely accepted" for example that one can be reffered as "black" or "white". Widely accepted does and should never qualify to cleanse the original sin.

Ask yourself, who are these people so called "Blacks"? If you agree there is a "Black" person, then there is a "white" person and I am yet to see either one. Even if one had existed, and if you defend the context used, a quick reflection into the original sin of how these were adopted will give answers to your conscious and only you can make that decision - not even the survey gurus who always prompt you with that choice - "Black" something or something "Black"!

I further ask myself, what is the problem you being referred as African or by your nationality? You don't hear or see "White English" in these surveys for example. Either way, as soon as you have the colour coding into the equation, you are buying into the idea conceptualized in the original sin - that there are "white" people who are associated with all things clean and white and there are "black" people who are associated with all things dirt, backward, disaster, sinful - mostly negative. There is no running away from this original sin. Remember that!

Perhaps I can once again share my views on what I have now come to refer as "Politics of Pigmentation" as posted at this blog:


In Scotland, in my view, this debate has taken a step up change and issues are getting addressed at the core. At least now the Scotland Census 2011 has a draft that is more likely to have an option which stops completely using the word 'Black'. For me this is a huge step forward. My ideal position is that neither Black nor White is used in these surveys as these have nothing to do with ethnicity and more to do with old power politics and historical wrongs.

I have no doubt whatsoever, that it will be the case of nonexistence of these two words in current context, with our offspring in future generations.

Today, we as people of the current 21st century have an opportunity to enhance and set the precedence and leadership on this important topic. It won't go away as truth never goes until it gets confirmed and reaffirmed. If we agree the connotations are not right, then correcting them is more appropriate than embracing them. Remove the original cause, and create a different cause for different effects.

I am from the school of thought that supports promoting the values as they are, than opting for "positive" or "affirmative" discrimination. Here, to me, it is using the same original sin to correct the wrongs. Instead of having a "labelled" movement, have the "values and behaviours" movement that the proposed or perceived "label" is aiming to promote. This enhances the inclusive positive message and embraces all human races. It helps to deal with the core issues themselves and avoids using the original sin to mend the wrongs brought to bear by the original sin in a first place.

As this thread from the University of Kent has ignited related concerns, I thought I must share my views once again.

I am aware of the good intentions, and it is those intentions that we need to embrace and remove the labelling as this will affirm the positive intentions and removing the link to the original sin.

To the good people and the good intentions, thanks for the efforts in getting us as people, to the ideal position where the people will be much happier and more peaceful with the beauty and marvellous diversified creation of our being and all our various businesses and communities shall prosper with abundance as we embrace the truth in what we say and what we do as people across the board.

Kind regards

Apollo Temu


On 25 November 2010 04:12, Chambi Chachage <chambi78@yahoo.com> wrote:

Date: Wed, 24 Nov 2010 17:18:55 +0100
From: Jean Grisel


Black Africans' In Britain: Integration Or Segregation

A new study shows that the ability of "Black Africans"' settling in the UK to integrate with society varies according to their national and ethnic background.


The study, by Dr Lavinia Mitton and Mr Peter Aspinall of the University of Kent, finds that 'Black Africans' in the UK are a diverse group with a wide range of experience and needs depending on country of birth, religion and native language. Understanding these distinctions between different Black Africans is the first step to providing better support, improving their quality of life and helping integration into society.

There are now 737,000 'Black Africans' in England and Wales (according to an estimate by the Office for National Statistics for 2007) and they are one of the fastest growing ethnic groups. Unlike some other ethnic groups, 'Black Africans' are predominantly migrants. Many encounter significant language difficulties together with financial and other problems when they settle in the UK. The Somalis and Congolese are the most disadvantaged and deprived communities amongst the 'Black African' group.

Using data from several existing social surveys, the study uncovered a number of factors that affect integration:

· Deprivation varies by home language, with pupils from Somali, Lingala and French-speaking homes having the highest levels of eligibility for free schools meals, while Igbo, Yoruba and Shona speakers live in financially better-off households. Moreover, as many as half of Somalis and Congolese live in the most deprived 20 per cent of local areas

· There is a commonly held assumption that 'Black Africans' do not face linguistic barriers but those who originate in countries such as Somalia and the Democratic Republic of Congo do face language difficulties in their education or in getting a job

· Employment, self-employment, unemployment and economic inactivity vary considerably by country of birth. The study found that Black Africans, especially Somalis, are paid less on average than white British people. Black Africans, especially those from southern Africa, are also heavily concentrated in the health and social care professions

· Pupils whose first language is English achieved the most passes at grades A* - C in their GCSEs, with those of Nigerian background achieving close to the national average, whereas pupils whose first language was Somali, French or Portuguese performed worst in education.

Dr Mitton found that Black Nigerians and Black Zimbabweans tend to speak English and fare relatively well, although they do have difficulty securing work at a level that is in line with their qualifications.
The study concludes that Somalis and Congolese need to be targeted with intensive support, including help with language skills, such as interpreting / translation and English for speakers of other languages (ESOL) training, while the government needs to work with employers and trade unions to improve the occupational status of 'Black Africans'.

Commenting on the findings, Dr Mitton said: "The research should inform policy and practice and enable actions that are sensitive to the diverse needs of the Black African community. It will also help public services secure support for a future integration strategy and will be particularly useful to London boroughs, local authorities and Primary Care Trusts in areas with a high proportion of Black Africans."

For further information contact:

· Dr L Mitton (Tel: 01227 824409, email: l.mitton@kent.ac.uk)
ESRC Press Office:
· Danielle Moore (Tel: 01793 413122, email:
· Jeanine Woolley (Tel: 01793 413119, email: ·
· Out of office hours number, Tel: 07554 333336

Notes for editors

This release is based on the findings from the report 'Black Africans in Britain: Integration or segregation?' carried out by Dr Lavinia Mitton and Mr Peter Aspinall of the University of Kent.

Methodology: Examination of data from the government Labour Force Survey, and two government surveys which are restricted access - the 2001 Census micro-data (the CAMS) and the National Pupil Database.

The Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) is the UK's largest organisation for funding research on economic and social issues. It supports independent, high quality research which has an impact on business, the public sector and the third sector. The ESRC's total expenditure in 2009/10 was about £211 million. At any one time the ESRC supports over 4,000 researchers and postgraduate students in academic institutions and independent research institutes. More at http://www.esrcsocietytoday.ac.uk/.

The ESRC confirms the quality of its funded research by evaluating research projects through a process of peer review. This research has been graded as good.

Friday, November 26, 2010

Wabunge Vijana: Msimamo Wenu, Maendeleo Yetu

Msimamo Wenu, Maendeleo Yetu

Na Michael Dalali

Ukurasa mpya umeandikwa katika vyombo vya kimaamuzi kwa ongezeko la vijana wawakilishi tofauti na chaguzi za awali. Kupata wabunge vijana wa kuchaguliwa takribani 15 (CCM (4), CHADEMA (8), NCCR-Mageuzi (3) kwa mujibu wa taarifa zilizowasilishwa kwa mwandishi wa makala hii toka wahusika wa vyama husika) tofauti na awali katika chaguzi ya mwaka 2005 ambako kulikuwa na mbunge mmoja tu wa kuchaguliwa, Mhe. Zitto Kabwe toka Kigoma Kaskazini. Ikumbukwe kijana anayezingatiwa hapa ni kwamujibu wa sera ya Taifa ya vijana inamtafsiri kijana kama mtu mwenye umri wa miaka kati ya 18-35.

Idadi kubwa hiyo ni zao la juhudi kubwa na za muda mrefu za wadau mbali mbali mathalani asasi za kiraia hususan za vijana kupiga chapuo hitaji la ongezeko la uwakilishi wa vijana katika vyama vya maamuzi.

Lakini hatuwezi kupuuza usikivu wa vyama vya kisiasa ambavyo viliweza kuona tunu ya wito wa kuwekeza katika vijana kwa kuwapa ridhaa vijana kusimama kama wagombea katika majimbo. Hakika imedhihirisha inawezekana!

Ushindi ambao vijana wengi wameweza kuupata ni taswira pana ya mabadiliko ya kimtazamo kuwa vijana si tu wasindikizaji ama wapambe wa wagombea bali wao pia wanaweza kuwa wagombea na kuwa wawakilishi wa wananchi katika ngazi za maamuzi.

Imani ambayo watanzania wamewekeza kwenu vijana wabunge kupitia kura zao mnapaswa mjitahidi kuishi kwa vitendo, mnapaswa irejeshe imani hiyo kwa utumishi uliotukuka kwa kusimamia maslahi ya wananchi.

Vijana waliofaulu kuchaguliwa kuwa wabunge wasisahau wao ni sampuli ndogo miongoni mwa vijana wengi ambao wanauwezo na utashi wa kuwatumikia wananchi hususan kwa kuwakilisha katika vyombo vya kimaamuzi, hivyo ni jukumu lao kuenenda na kuthibitisha vijana ni tunu na hazina katika mabadiliko.

Licha ya majukumu mazito ya wabunge vijana wa kuchaguliwa wanayo dhidi ya wananchi wao katika majimbo yao, kundi la vijana haliwezi kuacha kuwaangalia wao kama watetezi pekee wa ajenda na vipaumbele vya vijana.

Baadhi ya ajenda ambazo zimekuwa zikipigiwa kelele kwa zaidi ya miaka mingi sana na vijana toka makundi mbali mbali kama asasi za kiraia za vijana, taasisi za kisiasa, taasisi za kitaaluma nk tena baadhi ya vijana waliokuwa katika harakati hizo miongoni mwao sasa wamefaulu kuwa wabunge, tunatarajia wataendelea sasa kusimamiwa kidete katika ngazi ya juu na uwezo wa ushawishi wa kimaamuzi kwa bunge na serikali nzima.

Mwaka 2010 kama ilivyokuwa mnamo mwaka 2005 asasi za kiraia kadhaa zenye kujihusisha na masuala ya vijana zikiratibiwa na asasi ya TYVA zimeweza kukusanya na kutathmini vipaumbele vya vijana na Taifa zima kwa ujumla. Vipaumbele ambavyo kwa asilimia kubwa ndivyo vilio vya vijana hivyo tunapaswa kuwakumbusha tena na tena wabunge vijana ambao ni wawakilishi wa sampuli ya vijana katika vyombo vya kimaamuzi kuweza kuvitetea.

Ni kundi hili dogo la vijana wabunge ambao vijana wote wa kitanzania wanaweka matumaini yao kuwasikia wakiwa mstari wa mbele kutetea uanzishwaji wa baraza huru la vijana la Taifa na haswa kusimamia na kuhakikisha sera ya vijana ya Taifa inatekelezwa kwa mapana yake licha ya changamoto zake.

Ni vijana hawa wabunge ambao wanaujua uchungu wa ukosefu wa ajira, mazingira magumu yaliyopo katika kilimo hususan kwa wakulima wadogo wadogo, ukosefu wa ujuzi na ukomavu wa fani na ujasiri wa kupambana katika soko la ndani na kimataifa, na ni wabunge hawa vijana ambao wanajua hali na mazingira magumu ya upatikanaji wa mitaji na fursa za kuwekeza kwa vijana nchini. Tunaamini hawatatusaliti!

Ni wabunge hawa vijana ambao kwa asilimia kubwa wamepitia katika mifumo ua kielimu nchini ambayo changamoto zake hakika naamini hawajazisahau kama ilivyo kwa sekta ya afya. Naamini watapaza sauti sasa kusimamia mabadiliko yake.

Nina amini mmeshuhudia ufu wa vipaji vya vijana wenzenu na wachache ambao walisimama kidete kutetea vipaji hivyo jinsi walivyokuwa na ugumu katika kufaidika naamini mtahakikisha sera na usimamizi madhubuti wa ukuzwaji na mazingira bora ya uchocheaji vipaji nchini kama tunu ya mchango wenu kwa kundi kubwa hili.

Mazingira bora ya ukuzwaji wa vipaji mathalani michezo kwa kuhakikisha tabia ya ubinafsi ya kuuza viwanja vya wazi ambavyo baadhi ya hivyo vilikuwa vikitumiwa na vijana kucheza michezo mbalimbali. Naamini hamtakenua haya yakitendeka na hata kwa baadhi ya maeneo mtarudi nyuma na kusawazisha mabonde.

Kwa msukumo wa ujana wa chachu ya fikra mpya, ubunifu, nguvu mpya na uwezo wa uthubutu naamini mtakuwa na uthubutu wa kusukuma uwepo wa mchakato wa kufanyia mabadiliko Katiba ya Tanzania.

Uundwaji wa katiba mpya imekuwa kilio cha muda mrefu cha makundi mbali mbali katika jamii ya Tanzania mathalani vyama vya kiraia, vyama vya siasa (ambavyo ndimo mnakotoka), wasomi na hata wananchi wote kwa ujumla. Hakika tunawapa jukumu la kusimamia uwepo wa mabadiliko! Kuhakikisha uundwaji wa katiba mpya.

Ni katiba mpya inaweza kutoa fursa hata kwa kijana kushika nyadhifa ya juu ya kiuongozi nchini ya urais ambayo kwa sasa kwa mujibu wa katiba kijana hawezi kuwa rais na kuhakikisha mabadiliko ya kigezo cha umri toka miaka 40 hadi japo miaka 35 yanafanyika.

Naamini mnatambua kuna vijana wengi wamekosa fursa kusimama kuwa wagombea kutokana na baadhi ya vyama kutotoa fursa kwa vijana. Ni mabadiliko ya kikatiba mkiyasimamia mathalan kuruhusu mgombea binafsi yanaweza kuwa suluhu kwao.

Mmezunguka na kusikiliza wananchi, hakika wengi wana hali duni kiuchumi. Naamini hamtawasaliti na kuwasahau kuwa wameweka matumaini yao kwenu mtawatoa katika mfumo ambao unapelekea kuwa na hali duni ya kiuchumi na kupunguza umaskini wa mtu mmoja mmoja.

Tumaini la vijana wenye ulemavu lipo mikononi mwenu. Naamini mnatambua hali duni inayowakabili katika upatikanaji wa huduma za kijamii mathalani elimu, mazingira duni katika sekta za kiafya, na hata wenye elimu kukabiliwa na changamoto ya kunyanyapaliwa katika fursa za ajira na vyombo vya kimaamuzi. Kuweni sauti yao!

Tunaamini mtakuwa wabunge wenye chachu na mwamko mpya katika kusimamia kuleta mabadiliko katika nchi yetu. Ni matumaini ya wananchi katika ujana ambao mnao mtakuwa na nguvu na fikra mpya kuweza kuwa nuru kwa Taifa na kurejesha imani kubwa la kusimamia maslahi ya nchi hususan ya wanyonge na makundi yanayosahaulika ama kutengwa.

Kumbukeni daima maneno ya Frantz Fanon kwamba kila kizazi kinapaswa kung’amua utume wake na aidha kiutekeleze ama kiusaliti.

Hakika msimamo wenu ndiyo chachu ya maendeleo yetu. MUNGU awajaze hekima katika utumishi wenu!

©Michael Dalali, 2010

Saturday, November 20, 2010

Professor Wamba dia Wamba on the Importance of Teaching Philosophy in East and Central Africa

Pity the Party!

Pity the party;
that party on people’s blood;
or feast on the poor’s sweat!

Pity the people;
that are party to bloodshed;
or preach aloota continua!

Pity the personnel;
that party in bloodsucking;
or spread false promises!

Thursday, November 18, 2010

Introducing a New Course on Pan-African Thought at the University of Dar es Salaam

The College of Arts and Social Science is pleased to announce to all university students a new course on Pan African Thought. The course begins this semester, i.e. November 2010.

Name of the Course

AS 220: Pan-African Thought and Practice I: The Roots of Pan-Africanism

Course Units


Course Objectives

• To expose students to Africa’s balanced history;
• To account for the decline of Africa’s once record-breaking civilizations;
• To inculcate into students a sense of pride and confidence on the one hand and self criticism on the other, both of which are essential in order for Africa to realize socio-cultural and economic development

Additional Information

The course is offered in two parts, part one (AS 220) is offered in semester I, and part II (AS 221) is offered in the second semester. The course is elective (optional), and limited to only 100 students.

AS 220 will be taught as a complete course with its own modules and grading process; it will, at the same time, be considered a starter for AS 221. That is to say, a student will have to take both courses so as to acquire the intended values and skills.

The course will be taught in an intellectually rigorous fashion with an interdisciplinary approach. Lecturers from different disciplines, including outside social sciences and humanities, will be recruited to teach it. Whenever possible, guest lecturers from outside the university or the country will be invited.

Who is Eligible?

All undergraduate students, from second year and above (i.e. third year and fourth year students etc.)

Note: The course is open to all university students and from all fields of study. It is not limited to social sciences and arts students.

Where to Register?

Register online as you do for other courses


There will be two lectures per week
Monday 12:00 Yombo 3 and Wednesday 08:00-09:00 Yombo 3

The first lecture starts on Monday 22nd November 2010

For further information contact:

The Course Co-ordinator: Ng’wanza Kamata, Office No. 409, Tower Block
Or write to panafrica.course@gmail.com

Monday, November 15, 2010

Mushrooming of Texts on Land Grabbing in Africa

Patent Grab Threatens Biodiversity and Food Sovereignty in Africa

Land Grabbing in Africa: A Review of the Impacts and the Possible Policy Responses

The Right to Food: Report of the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food

Friday, November 5, 2010


Leo Tume ya Taifa ya Uchaguzi (NEC) imemtangaza Mheshimiwa Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete kuwa mshindi katika Uchaguzi wa Rais 2010 kwa 61.17%. Katika uchaguzi huu wapiga kura wapatao 5,276,827 walimpigia kura ikiwa ni takribani 10% ya Watanzania wote. Kiwango hiki cha ushindi kimeshuka kwa takribani 20% ukilinganisha na uchaguzi wa 2005. Uchambuzi wa awali unaonesha kuwa matokeo haya yanadhihirisha kuwa Rais Kikwete ana changamoto kubwa ya kurudisha ari na imani kubwa iliyofanya wapiga kura wamchague kwa kishindo katika uchaguzi uliopita wakitegemea 'Maisha Bora kwa Kila Mtanzania'. Hatua ya awali ya kurudisha hiyo hali, ama uhalali huo wa kuongoza, mioyoni mwa wapiga kura hao ambao hawakumpigia kura safari hii, ni kuunda Baraza la Mawaziri dogo tena lisilo na nyuso tata ambazo wananchi walizikataa kwenye uchaguzi tete huu ama kutokana na utendaji mbovu au tuhuma nzito za ufisadi. Hatua nyingine ni kuhakikisha kuwa Serikali inabana na kupunguza matumizi yake hasa katika kipindi hiki kigumu kinasobabishwa na mtikisiko mkubwa wa uchumi ulimwenguni. Wananchi tumetoa tamko letu katika uchaguzi huu - ni tamko kuu ambalo Rais hawezi kulipuuza katika kusimamia utendaji/uwajibikaji wa Serikali hasa kama anaitakia kweli mema nchi yetu.

Mungu Ibariki Afrika
Wabariki Viongozi Wake
Hekima Umoja na Amani
Hizi ni Ngao Zetu
Afrika na Watu Wake

Ibariki Afrika
Ibariki Afrika
Tubariki Watoto wa Afrika

Mungu Ibariki Tanzania
Dumisha Uhuru na Umoja
Wake kwa Waume na Watoto
Mungu Ibariki Tanzania na Watu Wake

Ibariki Tanzania
Ibariki Tanzania
Tubariki Watoto wa Tanzania

Tuesday, November 2, 2010


Hatimaye John Mnyika ametangazwa Mshindi wa Ubunge katika Jimbo la Ubungo. Matokeo yalicheleweshwa kutangazwa kupita kiasi bila sababu ya msingi. Wadau wa mgombea huyu walikesha juzi na jana usiku kuhakikisha kura hazichakachuliwi hasa ukizingatia kulikuwa na madai ya kufanyika kwa kitendo hicho katika uchaguzi wa 2005. Juhudi zao zimezaa matunda 2010.

Karibu kwenye ulingo wa kutafakari kuhusu tunapotoka,tulipo,tuendako na namna ambavyo tutafika huko tuendako/Welcome to a platform for reflecting on where we are coming from, where we are, where we are going and how we will get there

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