Friday, December 31, 2010
Thursday, December 30, 2010
Molony, Thomas & Smith, James (2010). Biofuels, food security, and Africa. African Affairs 109 (436): 489 - 498.
Kamanga, Khoti C. (2008). The Agrofuel Industry in Tanzania. A Critical Enquiry into Challenges and Opportunies
Von Braun, Joachim and Meinzen-Dick, Ruth (2009). “Land Grabbing” by Foreign Investors in Developing Countries: Risks and Opportunities. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) Policy 13 • April 2009
Land Equity Movement in Uganda , LEMU (2009). Let’s face Up to Land Grab: (1) How does Land Grabbing Happen?
Food and Agriculture Organisations of the United Nations (FAO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) & International Institute for Environment and Development, IIED (2009). Land Grab or Development Opportunity ? Agricultural Investment and International Land Deals in Africa .
Kweka, Opportuna (2010). Biofuel Investment in Tanzania: Lack of Participation, Unawareness and Increase Poverty in Local Communities. Progress Report Submitted to Research on Poverty Alleviation (REPOA).
Chachage, Chambi & Baha, Bernard (2010). Accumulation by Land Dispossession and Labour Devaluation: The Case of of Biofuel and Forestry Investments in Kilwa and Kilolo. Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania: Land Rights Research and Resources Institute (LARRRI/HAKIARDHI).
Songela, Francis & Mclean, Andrew (2008). Scoping Exercise (Situation Analysis) on the Biofuel Industry Within and Outside Tanzania . Energy for Sustainable Report for the WWF Tanzania Programme Office.
Jimwaga, Albert (2009). Biofuels: A Catastrophe for Poor Farmers in Tanzania . ActionAid Blog (19 March 2010): Jambo Tanzania – Conversations from ActionAid International Tanzania .
Sharife, Khadija (2009). Land grabs: Africa 's new ‘resource curse’? Pambazuka News (26 November 2009).
Shivji, Issa G. (2007). Agro-fuel will only Succeed to Fuel Famines. The Citizen (15 December 2007).
Chachage, Chambi (2010). Land Acquisition and Accumulation in Tanzania: The Case of Morogoro, Iringa and Pwani Regions.Morogoro, Tanzania: Participatory Ecological Land Use Management (PELUM) Tanzania.
HabariLeo/Faraja Mgwabati (28 March 2009). Mtikisiko wa uchumi duniani waiathiri Tanzania.
Tanzania Affairs (1 May 2009). Economic Crunch Begins to Hit.
The East African (17 March 2009) Swedish firm shelves $300 million investment in Tanzania.
Widengård, Marie (2009) Aspects of SEKAB’s Plans for Large Scale Biofuel Production in Tanzania: Seminar Notes (May 252009)
Brazil, Tanzania in Biofuel Deal
Wednesday, December 29, 2010
Tuesday, December 28, 2010
A few weeks after the historic Government of National Unity has taken over it is becoming extremely clear that women have no place in the construction of a new Zanzibar.
President Ali Mohammed Shein has only appointed 2 women ministers, both new comers to his government; 3 deputy Ministers and 2 Principal Secretaries to serve in the Government of National Unity. None of the women hold a substantial position in the government.
More troubling for gender activists in the isles is the government’s decision to take over the ministry that was formerly known as the Ministry for Labour, Youth, Women and Children’s Development now the Ministry for Social Welfare, Women and Children’s Affairs and to give the same to the Ministry responsible for Labour and Manpower Development.
“The premises were originally acquired for building a women’s resource centre”, says a male civil servant angered over the government action. “It is unjust to move the women and not the newcomers. The Department for Labour only had a small premise on the grounds housing the other Departments of Youth, Women and Children Affairs”.
Members of the civil society are equally saddened by the move. They translate it as an outcome of the flawed electoral process which saw experienced and assertive women candidates overlooked. “The problem is that the Minister in the Ministry for Women is new not just in government but in politics generally while she has to contend with the political machinations of people who have been in the system for a while”.
Most in the civil society think that women have been the unfortunate victims of the continuing tussle for power in the Government of National Unity not just between the ruling party, i.e CCM, and the Civic United Front (CUF) but within the ruling party itself.
The Chairperson of the Zanzibar Gender Coalition, Ms. Asha Aboud asserts, “We understand that the government is trying to establish itself. What we women don’t understand or accept is why our ministry was compromised considering its role in Zanzibar ’s social landscape”.
Women in Zanzibar want some serious explanation from the Government of National Unity. This will be the second time the actions of the Government of National Unity has come under criticism. Just recently the Zanzibar Law Society criticized the government for failing to respect the constitutional provisions in the appointment of High Court Judges.
Wanawake Wabezwa katika Serikali ya Umoja wa Kitaifa Zanzibar
Wiki chache baada ya kuundwa kwa Serikali ya Umoja wa Kitaifa Zanzibar, kuna dalili za kuashiria kuwa wanawake hawajapewa nafasi katika kazi kubwa ya kuijenga Zanzibar mpya.
Raisi Ali Mohammed Shein mpaka sasa ameteua wanawake wawili tu katika nyadhifa za waziri, 3 katika nafasi ya naibu waziri na 2 wanashika nyadhifa kama makatibu wakuu.
Linalowakera zaidi wanaharakati wa jinsia ni agizo la serikali la kuitaka wizara inayohusika na masuala ya wanawake na watoto kuhama katika makao makuu yao hapo mwanakwerekwe na kuipisha wizara mpya inayohusika na masuala ya kazi. Hapo awali Wizara ya Kazi ilikuwa ni Idara mojawapo ya wizara iliyokuwa ikishughulikia na masuala ya vijana, wanawake na watoto.
“Makazi ya wizara yalikusudiwa kujengwa kituo cha habari na taarifa yaani women’s resource centre hapo mwanzo”, anasema muajiriwa mmoja wa serikali aliyekerwa na hatua ya serikali kuzihamisha Idara za Wanawake na Watoto. “Si haki kuwahamisha wanawake. Kwa nini Wizara ya Kazi isitafutiwe sehemu nyingine?” Idara ya Kazi ilikuwa na eneo dogo katika wizara iliyokuwa ya Kazi, Maendeleo ya Vijana, Wanawake na Watoto.
Jumuiya za kiraia nao hawakupendezwa na hatua hii ya serikali. Wanaitafsiri hatua hii kama ni mojawapo ya athari zinazotokana na mfumo mbaya wa uchaguzi uliopelekea wanawake wenye uzoefu na wanaojiamini kuachwa na badala yake kuchaguliwa wanawake chipukizi wasio na uzoefu mkubwa katika siasa.
“Suala si tu kwamba waziri wa sasa wa wanawake ni mpya katika serikali na nyanja ya siasa lakini kuwa kwa mazingira yaliyopo inambidi akumbane na wenyeji serikalini na siasa zao!”
Wengi katika jumuiya za kirai wanaamini kuwa wanawake wametolewa kafara katika mvutano unaoendelea wa madaraka si tu kati ya Chama Tawala yaani CCM na Chama cha Wananchi(CUF) lakini miongoni mwa kambi ndani ya Chama Tawala.
Mwenyekiti wa Muungano wa Asasi zinazoshughulikia Masuala ya Kijinsia Bi. Asha Aboud anasema, “Tunaelewa kuwa serikali imo katika hatua za kujipanga ili ianze utekelezaji. Tusichokifahamu na kutokikubali sisi kama wanawake na wanajinsia ni kwa nini wizara yetu, wizara ambayo inatoa mchango mkubwa katika kushughulikia masuala ya kijamii ndiyo itolewe nje?”
Bila ya shaka Serikali ya Umoja wa Kitaifa inapaswa kuwajibu wanawake wa Zanzibar kwa hatua yao hiyo.
Hii ni mara ya pili hatua ya Serikali ya Umoja wa Kitaifa inakosolewa na asasi za kiraia. Hapo awali Jumuiya ya Wanasheria Zanzibar walipinga vikali uteuzi wa majaji wa Mahakama Kuu kwa kutofuata taratibu za Kikatiba.
Monday, December 13, 2010
Sunday, December 12, 2010
Friday, December 10, 2010
Thursday, December 9, 2010
Au umekosa mlo, sasa umechukia
Lipi hasa ulonalo, unalolisumbukia
Kama shida ni uhuru, tushapata 61
Amani tulonayo, ni tunu ilotufikia
Usitake mapambano, shimoni tatumbukia
Sijeichokoza leo, kesho hutoifikia
Kama shida ni uhuru, tushapata 61
Jaribu kujipa moyo, manani takusikia
Kuwa mtu wa maono, lengo utalifikia
Siwachukie vigogo, nchi wameitumikia
Kama shida ni uhuru,tushaupata 61
Siwatafute wanono, waweza kukuchukia
Mwisho wakakutoa roho, bure kwa kujitakia
Ogopa sana vigogo, chini watakufukia
Kama shida ni uhuru, tushaupata 61
Wale uwapiganiao, kesho watakukimbia
Hawatoshiriki mgomo, wala kukuimbia
Tena watakaa kando, huku wakijitambia
Kama shida ni uhuru, tushaupata 61
We kula ugali wako, ukishiba tajitapikia
Achana na nia yako, wengine kuhangaikia
We jali maisha yako, wenye shida wajitakia
Kama shida ni uhuru, tushaupata 61
Chukua hatua zako, uone utapoangukia
Usitafute maneno, balaa likakufikia
Mwombe sana Mola wako, 'mana' takushukia
Kama shida ni uhuru, tushaupata 61
Kama hawapendi jambo, hawawezistahimilia
Madhari wanapata tango, shida wanavumilia
Siku wakikabwa shingo, mabosi watasimulia
Kama shida ni uhuru, tushaupata 61
Shida zikiwakaba koo, watajua pa kukimbilia
Tena watafanya soo, mabosi watajililia
Patakuwa ni padogo, mawe yatasimulia
Kama shida ni 61, uhuru tushaupata?
© Ayub. R.
Tuesday, December 7, 2010
Waiting for Power: Citizens’ Plight during Energy Crises - As it was in 2008 and 2009 so it is in 2010!
If we have forgotten the past then we only have to glance at the dates of the following front page news stories from The Citizen to get a glimpse of how this power rationing is such a vicious cycle: “‘Tanzania 2006: Power’ Crisis dominated headlines” (29 December 2006); “Another power crisis as Songas turbines collapse” (25 September 2008); “Power Crisis: Tough times ahead – No solution in sight as sabotage suggestions angers Tanesco boss” (13 October 2009).
For some strange reasons the major power crises tend to emerge toward the end of the year. Some claim it is because of delayed rains. The moment you blame it on ‘Mother Nature’ you let humans off the hook. But isn’t being human all about taming nature? And, as experts of climate change insists, aren’t we the ones who affect those rain seasons with environmental degradation?
From what has been going on there is no way we can claim human agency is not behind this power tragedy. When we survey more cover stories from The Citizen this is what we get as evidence of why this is a man-made problem that needs humans to take responsibility: “Business want power shedding compensation” (19 March 2007); “Tanesco ordered to pay Sh190.8m to paper mill” (12 September 2007); “Emergency power supply contract that never was” (19 March 2008”; “Rationing ends as power supply normalises” (The Citizen 20 September 2008).
Humans, as a restaurant owner plighted with power cuts told me the other day, never get used to problems. We are not used to the power rationing problem. At the individual level we might have devised coping mechanism to partially deal with it but that does not mean we are really used to it. Every time we experience power cuts we suffer and complain. We also try to offer solutions.
When such a crisis occurred, or rather made to occur, in October, 2006 a concerned citizen wrote an open letter to President Jakaya Kikwete. He told him how the crisis was affecting his attempt at self-employment. His hope was that such a leader who was/is committed to creating a million jobs for (young) Tanzanians will take note of how the power crisis was/is a setback to that goal.
Three years down the line self-employees are still bearing the brunt of the on and off blackouts. For instance, in the beginning of the year the parliamentary committee responsible for public investments’ accounts found out that a salon could incur a cost of up to an additional Tsh. 60,000 per day during rationing. According its chair, Zitto Kabwe, in his press statement on the current crisis, the rationing curtails the capital of small-scale entrepreneurs and thus impoverishes them.
Companies also suffer: “Power woes: Cement Firm incurs over Sh2bn loss” (2 February 2007). The national economy as whole has been suffering: “Revealed: Power crisis to cost nation Sh815 billion” (30 November 2006); “Power disconnection cost Govt, firm Sh 540m a day” (22 November 2007). Even Tanesco is losing out - ‘Tsh 2 million or so per day’ says POAC’s chair!
Over the years, however, we have been coming up with ‘Band-Aid’ solutions. We can also see this reflected in The Citizen’s cover stories: “New power tariff soon” (29 December 2006); “40 percent power rise will kill industries” (23 September 2007); “Consumer body says Tanesco’s new connections charges are illegal” (19 November 2007); “Govt is rattled as MPs reject Power Bill again” (20 March 2008); “Power sector for partial liberalisation” (19 April 2008).
A survey of The Citizen’s headlines on the IPTL, Richmond and Dowans solutions is also self-revealing: “Richmond says power equipment ‘in flight’” (21 October 2006); “Tanesco: Dowans yet to commission 20MW” (19 January 2007); “Dowans: Dr. Rashid throws in the towel” (7 March 2008); “Ex-Richmond power deal may be extended to 2012”; “Tanesco now halts Dowans contract” (1 July 2008); “Court blocks sale of Dowans plant” (20 December 2008); “Switch on Dowans, IPTL now, businesses tell govt (21 October 2009).
As I am writing this article the power cuts seems to have eased. Perhaps this is because of “Kikwete’s order on IPTL” (22 October 2009). This order, depending on how you view it, came in the wake, or as a result, of the businesses’ call and Zitto Kabwe’s statement referred to above. I want to be so happy that the power cuts have been cut regardless of who has done it. But can I?
Politically speaking, is it possible to happily enjoy this power when a permanent solution to the recurring crisis has not yet been found? Economically speaking, is it possible to be happy about it even though it will cost us a lot in the long run? Morally speaking, how can it be possible to enjoy this power when there seems to be a shady cloud around it as the court process indicates?
These are the kinds of questions that make me think that perhaps there is more into the word ‘power’ that we use interchangeably with ‘electricity’. No wonder the veteran journo, Karl Lyimo, thus rhetorically admits: “It seems I’ll never understand this even if I live to know the difference between power, energy and electricity!” Power cuts means we are a powerless people.
In my Physics class I was taught that power is defined as energy over time. I was also taught that the law of conservation of energy states that you can neither create nor destroy energy. What you can only do is transform it from one form to another. And that is indeed what we have been doing since Uhuru: transforming mechanical energy from moving water into electrical energy.
Human agency is what has done this transformation. It is this same agency that has transformed fuel energy from generators to produce electrical energy. Surely the same agency has the power to harness the heat from the sun and force from the winds and turn them into electrical energy.
With all these forms of energy in our country how can we afford to be powerless? Why can’t we have the same kind of belief that inspired Barack Obama to powerfully declare: “We will harness the sun and the winds and the soil to fuel our cars and run our factories”? What is stopping us from being powerful enough to also conclude: “All this we can do. All this we will do”?
Power is about the distribution of resources. Let’s redistribute our energy resources. Yes, we can.
© Chambi Chachage
Sunday, December 5, 2010
This Atlas is a visual account of Africa's endowment and use of water resources, revealed through 224 maps and 104 satellite images as well as some 500 graphics and hundreds of compelling photos. However the Atlas is more than a collection of static maps and images accompanied by informative facts and figures: its visual elements vividly illustrate a succinct narrative describing and analyzing Africa's water issues and exemplifying them through the judicious use of case studies. It gathers information about water in Africa and its role in the economy and development, health, food security, transboundary cooperation, capacity building and environmental change into one comprehensive and accessible volume. UNEP undertook the production of this Atlas at the request of the African Ministers' Council on Water (AMCOW) and in cooperation with the African Union, European Union, US Department of State, United States Geological Survey and other collaborators.
Wednesday, December 1, 2010
Greeting from the slums of Dar es Salaam!
It is with a sigh of relief that I key this public letter. As publicly anticipated, you are now our popular Minister for Lands, Housing and Human Settlement Development. Congratulations!
Now the swearing in is over. Your job has only begun. Luckily enough you have been quoted as saying you “know what to do in the ministry of lands” (The Citizen on Sunday 28/11/2010: 3).
What you need, as you further affirm, is “support from the public and public servants to serve the interests of Tanzanians” (Ibid.) I am sure you know those interests. So it is not in my interest to remind or teach a professor about what Tanzanians need. After all you already know what to do.
Your Curriculum Vitae speaks for itself. There are a lot of public expectations that your work at UN-Habitat will also be scaled up countrywide. Slums will be upgraded, not only in Hananasif. Housing shall be bettered, not only at UDOM. Land would be accessible, not only in Muleba.
Since what you need is support, you already have it at your disposal. What more show of support do you need than the popular-cum-populist call for your appointment? As one political analyst asserts, populism can go both ways. The onus is on you to make sure it goes the positive way.
One way of ensuring this is to stay close to your constituency. By this I don’t mean those who elected, or rather allowed, you to be their Member of Parliament. I strictly mean all those who depend on our main natural resource, namely, land. As you know, most of them are in villages.
But as far as land is concerned things are not so well in our villages. The ongoing global crisis associated with the so-called ‘f’ - financial, fuel and food - crises has sparked a new wave of land grab. What our laws call ‘Village Land’ is being grabbed by foreign and local investors for speculative purposes and biofuel production among other things. We are indeed experiencing the ‘Moral Hazard’ popularized by the new Hollywood movie ‘Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps’.
As you may be aware, your UN colleagues have recently documented this trend in an alarming tone. In their ‘Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food’ made publicly available online, they thus note: “In the United Republic of Tanzania, five years after a major titling effort had begun, pastoralists reported their eviction from multiple common grazing areas and were under threat of losing other grazing lands because those lands had been classified as “unused”.
It is quite ironic that that the very developmental measures – such as land formalization and upgrading of informal settlements – that promises a better life for all Tanzanians are ending up alienating people from their land. As a result, skewed urbanization and urban primacy is bedevilling our beloved country. Why, for instance, should Dar es Salaam end up harbouring a quarter of our population? But, as I said, it is not my intention to tell you what you already know.
All I am asking you is to keep your ally close. You have asked for support. Seize it accordingly.
May your book ‘Building Prosperity: Housing and Economic Development’ become our reality!
Dar es Salaam Dweller
Chair: Vice-Chancellor Professor Rwekaza Mukandala
Guest to Launch: Dr. A. Kibogoya, Chair of UDASA
Master of Ceremonies: Dr. Kitila Mkumbo
Editor & Authors:
Honourable Zakia Meghji
Ambassador Christopher Liundi
Review of the Book - Salim Msoma
How I Heard of Cheche and What I Think of It - Chambi Chachage
Personal Reflections on Cheche Times - Professor Rwekaza Mukandala
Mwalimu Bashiru Ally (UDSM)
Jehovaness Zacharia (Tanzania Consumer Advocacy Society)
Redemptus Caesar (Mbezi Beach S/S)
Prisca Urio (Mwalimu Nyerere Academy)
Diana Kamara (UDSM)
Sabatho Nyamsenda (UDSM)