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Friday, November 11, 2011

LONG-RUN EFFECTS OF VILLAGIZATION IN TANZANIA

Research in Economic History
Ec2339

Presents:

Philip Osafo-Kwaako
Harvard University


“ Long-run Effects of Villagization in Tanzania”

Monday, November 14th, 2011
4:00-5:00PM

Littauer M-17

Abstract: Developmental villages (vijiji vya maendeleo) were introduced in mainland Tanzania over the period 1974-1982 as part of a large-scale resettlement program. This paper investigates the long-run impacts of these villages, examining whether variation in intensity of the government's villagization program explains within-region variation in social capital outcomes today. An earlier body of social science research largely criticized Tanzania’s villagization program as a failed example of large-scale state planning with adverse consequences for peasants. Combining historic data on Tanzania from the 1970s and recent national household surveys, I first document that developmental villages led to an increase in primary school completion rates. Today, districts which experienced a high share of developmental villages have greater availability of public goods and report higher rates of participation in community activities. I also report instrumental variable estimates based on a drought which facilitated the resettlement of peasants in these villages.





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