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Thursday, April 26, 2012

TANZANIAN UNION: CONSENT OR COERCION?

"I fear [Zanzibar] will be a big headache for us" - J.K. Nyerere

"In January [1964] a new factor intervened, the Zanzibar revolution, followed by army mutinies in all three East African countries. In the case of Tanganyika, the mutineers almost succeeded to overthrow the government with Nyerere disappearing for a whole week. In all these countries, British troops were invited to put down the mutinies and disarm the mutineers. Nyerere's nationalist pride was deeply hurt...The mutiny together with the earlier events in the Congo  culminating in the murder of Patrice Lumumba and the assassination of President Olympio of Togo left Nyerere with a deep sense of insecurity. Survival became his major concern, at least during those early years of independence. The Zanzibar revolution further endangered the survival of the mainland government, as it threatened to invite Cold War conflict to its doorstep. Nyerere came under severe pressure from Western governments as they relentlessly cajoled him to do something about communism next door. As a nationalist, he probably resented being told by the former colonial power what to do, though as a politician he must have realised he had little choice. Until the last moment, Nyerere was hoping that Zanzibar would be brought into a federation of more than two-states even if it meant only with Kenya.  When that effort failed, Nyerere and Karume signed the Articles of Union, which had been prepared in great secrecy [by "Nyerere's expatriate legal advisers"].... Nyerere's decision was pragmatic, to survive, contrary to his own Pan-Africanist pronouncements. His own rabid anti-communism may also have contributed. Yet, left on his own, it is quite likely that Nyerere might not have made the decision to go it alone with Zanzibar. Once formed, Nyerere became almost paranoid to maintain the Union. Short of outright military force, he deployed every tool - including manipulation and Machiavellism - available in the political kitbag to maintain the Union, in the process trampling on Pan-Africanist principles of which he himself was a great and most articulate proponent"" - Issa G. Shivji on Pan-Africanism or Pragmatism? Lessons of Tanganyika-Zanzibar Union

2 comments:

Zibotili! May 7, 2012 at 10:45 PM  

Why do you quote selectively from these books and not give us Issa's conclusions - It seems you are pushing an agenda here?If so,be open!

Chambi Chachage May 8, 2012 at 1:45 PM  

That is part of the conclusion

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