Monday, December 24, 2012

Six Types of Afro-Pessimists


Gloria Emeagwali

There are about six types of afro-pessimists. First there are the nihilists. Nothing from the African environment is positive. Everything is devalued  - from ecology to environment to people, both past and present. Their negative and nihilistic views still permeate a lot of texts on history, geography, sociology etc. Just pay a visit to the textbooks and read between and above the lines. Covert and overt racist sentiments sometimes predominate. Let us call this group, Category A.

Then there are the haters and abominable racists. Their vocabulary is limited to words like barbarism, savage, tribesmen, uncivilized and so on. Let us say that you can spot them from a mile away. They are less sophisticated than Group A. The Dutch Reformed Church of the apartheid era; Mormonism of yesteryear and so, too, the KKK, share some of these views and work within the same paradigm. They marshal the views of persons like Wilson, D’Souza and all the haters masquerading as scholars – through works like the Bell Curve, and what have you. The cult of whiteness permeates their thought process, theological icons and symbols. This is Category B.
There are some scholars who are genuinely disappointed with the pace of change in post-colonial Africa. They are not psychologically or mentally challenged. They are not haters, and they are not necessarily wrong in some of their analyses. The missing ingredient in their discourse is HOPE and SELF- CONFIDENCE. They seek to inspire policy changes but their discourse is largely counter- inspirational, when unmatched with real political activity and engagement on the ground. If you don't have confidence in your self, who would? Let us classify them as Category C.

Category D is comprised of self-loathing folks who really hate the skin they are in. To some extent they are victims of white supremacist propaganda, assimilated from the neo-colonial mass media, textbooks, religious texts, Hollywood movies and literature etc. A toxic environment perpetuated self hate, robbed them of pride in themselves and turned them into self destructive parodies of themselves.

Category E are opportunistic career seekers in search of fame and fortune, playing to the gallery. They are manipulators rather than victims, seeking sympathy, a green card perhaps, and much more. The more they pathologize Africa, the more likely their promotion to the next level in the context of institutionalized racism. They thrive on pity and are beneficiaries of the 'mercy-industrial complex' in one way or the other. They don't believe what they say but they are inveterate perpetuators of self-pity.

Seeing people eating out of dustbins in a foreign region, in this case Africa, is a consolation to the people in Category F. They delight in 'poverty porn' and tell their constituencies how fortunate they are to be born in Country A or Country B, while ignoring the basic needs of their local poor, many of whom are shoved into prisons. Celebrities in search of attention, and politicians with little to offer their constituency, at home, may fall into this category. Some are humanitarian opportunists - although there are a few well meaning exceptions, with less questionable motives.

And then there are the flip floppers...occasionally trapped between the old paradigm and a newly emerging one.

Professor Gloria Emeagwali
Prof. of History & African Studies
History Department
Central Connecticut State University
New Britain
CT 06050
Documentaries on Africa and the African Diaspora

Saturday, December 22, 2012

Zitto on the Future of Tanzania's Mining Sector

Friday, December 21, 2012

There We Go - Sunderland Is Here!

Udadisi Blogger stumbled on the picture above in JF - it reminds one of the post below:



It was puzzling to observe the shirts that Sunderland's players wore in their English Premier League's (EPL) game against Arsenal yesterday! According to Soccer Blog, the "invest in Africa" logo/advert is a campaign from Tullow Oil that sponsors the shirt. "In the modern world", the person responsible for striking the sponsorship deal claims, "investment in Africa is an opportunity for investment to bounce back into Sunderland and into the wider North-east". As we know, the annals of economic history has many a cases of how Africa has been Euro-America's shock absorber. Interestingly, the company's website has this update on Tanzania:

Wednesday, December 19, 2012

Issa Shivji: Remembering Walter Rodney

"I’ll try to be as fair as possible. My own view is there were aspects of Rodney’s organizational inclination which I think, in a sense, exposed him. Of course, a powerful movement like that is bound to have enemies. But I am not quite sure if Rodney always paid enough attention: to a matter of tactics, number one, and number two, to security of the leadership. It does happen with powerful leaders like Rodney, the movement tends to become very dependent on single leaders. That is one lesson to draw. When that leader goes, invariably the movement falls apart. That’s what seems to have happened in Guyana. While in theory, of course, we talk about the importance of the movement, importance of the people, importance of the working people, in practice we always find it difficult to build movements which can continue regardless of original leadership" -  Issa Shivji on Remembering Walter Rodney



Saturday, December 15, 2012

Whither PEPFAR in Tanzania?

The Trajectory of Historical Capitalism


Thursday, December 13, 2012

Nani Hasa Aliwaingiza Wakurya Wengi Jeshini?


Naomba niwapatie ukweli ninaoujua kwa kutafiti na kufuatilia kuhusu uwepo wa Wakurya wengi jeshini na madai kwamba Nyerere aliwapeleka jeshini - si kwa kuwa mimi ni mkurya! La hasha!

Kwanza niseme hivi, ni kweli kwamba Wakurya ni wengi sana jeshini kulinganisha na makabila mengine ya Tanzania ingawa katika miaka ya karibuni wamekuwa wakipungua kutokana na sababu nyingi ambazo hapa si mjadala wake.


1. Wakurya waliingizwa jeshini kwa mara ya kwanza na Waingereza wakati wa kuandaa jeshi la kikoloni ambapo ilipotokea vita ya pili ya dunia, Waingereza walikwenda vijijini kwa Wakurya na kuwakamata ama kuwahamasisha vijana wao waingie jeshini ili kwenda kupigana. Baadhi yao waliporejea, akiwemo Marehemu babu yangu mzaa mama na baba yangu mkubwa, walikataa kuingia jeshini wakisema wana mali nyingi na wakaenda kuangalia ng'ombe zao. Hawa walipigania nchini Burma huko Asia. Utamaduni huu wa kuingia jeshini ukaanzia hapo na kuendelea.

2. Kwa nini Waingereza waliwachukua Wakurya wengi kwenda jeshini? Ni kwa sababu ya dhana kwamba makabila ya Waafrika yana vipaji tofauti na kwamba ili kuwatawala Waafrika kwa urahisi, inabidi kuvitumia vipaji hivyo. Mfano, Waingereza walisema kwamba ukitaka madaktari wengi watiifu na wapole wachukue Wasukuma kwa sababu ya upole wao na utiifu na kweli tunao wengi sana. Waingereza wakasema tena, wafanyakazi wazuri wa ndani ni Wanyasa - kweli, wafanyakazi wa ndani wa balozi na maofisa ubalozi wa Uingereza hata sasa hivi ni Wanyasa kwa sababu ya uaminifu wao. Walisema pia kwenye elimu weka Wachaga na Wahaya na ni kweli hadi leo waliobobea shuleni zaidi nchini na nani? Tunajua wote! Wakasema, kule Kenya, ukitaka wasomi chukua Wajaluo na Uganda wakasema ukitaka wasomi chukua Waganda. Kwenye uaskari walisema kwamba kwa Uganda chukua Walango, Waacholi na ikibidi sana Wakakwa (kabila la Idi Amin). Nchini Kenya walisema kwamba kwa askari bora uchukue Wakamba. Kwa Tanganyika wakasema chukua Wakurya na ongeza Wangoni na Wahehe. Wakaongeza zaidi na zaidi kwenye mpangilio wao. Ipo orodha ndefu. Waingereza walifanya utafiti mzuri na walipoondoka walimwachia kila kiongozi wa Afrika (makolonini) matokeo ya utafiti wao ingawa akina Nyerere hawakuzifuata.


3. Nini matokeo ya mpangilio huu wa Waingereza? Kule Uganda karibu wanajeshi wote wakati Amin anaichukua nchi (walikuwa 8,000 hivi), walikuwa Walango, Waacholi na Wakakwa lakini kwa kuhofia kupinduliwa akaanza kuwaua Waacholi na Walango na kuwajaza Wakakwa na baadaye akawaweka mpaka Wazaire na Wanubi wa Sudan kusini na kaskazini mwa Uganda. Kule Kenya hadi kesho, majeshi ya Kenya yamejaa Wakamba na kwa mnaofuatilia mtamkumbuka Jenerali Muringe. Kwa kuwa Wakikuyu wamekuwa wakishika dola, Wakamba waliminywa kwenye vyeo vya chini lakini wamejaa majeshini Kenya kupita kiasi, hasa kutokana na umaskini wa nchi yao ya Ukambani ambayo ni kame pia.


4. Kwa Tanganyika Wakurya walijaa jeshini mno wakati tunapata uhuru kiasi kwamba Nyerere akasema hili ni tatizo. Alipovunja Kings African Rifles na kuunda JWTZ baada ya maasi ya 1964, Nyerere aliamua kuweka sera kimya kimya kwamba jeshi hili litakuwa na watu wa makabila yote. Ilikuwa kazi ngumu kwake kwa kuwa waliokuwa wanakuja kujiandikisha kwa wingi walikuwa ni Wakurya zaidi kutokana na utamaduni wa kawaida wa Wakurya wa kupenda kupigana, vita, ukakamavu, umwamba, n.k. Wakurya, kama Wakamba, Waacholi, Walango, na Wakakwa waliitwa na Waingereza "Marshal Tribes" - yaani makabila ya wapiganaji. Hata hivyo, Nyerere alifanikiwa kuwapunguza mno lakini bado alibakia nao wengi kutokana na utamaduni, historia na ukweli wa mambo, kwamba ukitaka askari mzuri chukua anayependa vita, siyo mtu mwoga. Kama si Nyerere, jeshi lingekuwa wakurya watupu, siyo wakurya wengi, bali wao wenyewe kwa hata 90%.


5. Wakurya hawakuwa na urafiki wowote na Nyerere kama watu wanavyodhani kutokana na fikra za Kiafrika kwamba kila kitu kina nguvu za siri nyuma yake, iwe baraka za Mungu, rushwa, udini, mapenzi, ukabila, uchawi, fitna, mkosi, n.k. Mwafrika haamini kwamba kitu kinaweza kutokea kwa sababu zake chenyewe bali mpaka kuwe na mtu mwingine anayekifanya kitokee. Kati ya watu waliotaka kumpindua Nyerere kwenye miaka ya 1960 mwishoni, kwa mnaofuatilia, walikuwepo akina Chacha (nahifadhi jina lake kamili), na kutokana na tabia ya Wakurya kumtukana Nyerere alipokwenda ziarani Tarime, aliamua kuacha kufanya ziara huko. Si hivyo tu, Nyerere alikwepa hata kuwapa nafasi za juu Wakurya na mkurya pekee aliyewahi kushika uwaziri katika miaka 25 ya Nyerere ni Bhoke Munanka ambaye walikorofishana hata hivyo (waziri pekee aliyemwambia kwamba huu ujamaa wako utaumiza watu na hakuna anayeutaka). Kama mjuavyo, Munanka alikuwa mfanyabiashara mkubwa katikati ya ujamaa.

6. Aidha, Rais Nyerere hakuwahi kumteua mkurya kuwa mkuu wa majeshi wala msaidizi wala chochote cha juu ingawa ukiongea na watu wanakwambia mambo mengine kabisa. Mkuu wa kwanza wa JWTZ alikuwa Sarakikya kutoka Meru; akaja Twalipo kutoka Songea; akaja Musuguli kutoka Bunda (si mkurya). Rais Mwinyi ndiye aliyekuwa wa kwanza kumteua mkurya kuwa Mkuu wa Majeshi, Jenerali Kyaro, na baadaye Mkapa akamteua Jenerali Waitara. Hata kwenye Vita ya Uganda, Nyerere hakumpa mkurya kuongoza vita ile ingawa kwenye makamanda wa chini Wakurya walijazana kama utitiri, achilia mbali askari wa kawaida. Ni Mwita Marwa pekee ndiye aliyekuwa kwenye makamanda wa kuongoza brigedia, lakini wengine wote walibanwa pembeni........Nyerere hakutaka taabu baadaye.


7. Kwa wenye kumbukumbu na wanaofuatilia, tulipovamiwa na Amin Oktoba 31, 1978, na baadaye Nyerere kutangaza vita, serikali ilitoa mwito kwa wananchi kujiunga na mgambo/jeshi kwa hiari. Nafasi zilikuwa 2,000 kwa kila mkoa. Wakurya walilaani kitendo hicho cha kuweka ukomo wa idadi na wakatuma wajumbe kwenda kulalamika kwa Nyerere kwamba idadi ya 2,000 ni ndogo mno kwa mkoa wa mashujaa. Nyerere akasema hawezi kuondoa ukomo huo. Wakatuma tena ujumbe wa pili, na Nyerere akashauriwa na makamanda wake kwamba kwa kuwa mikoa mingine imeshindwa hata kufikisha 500 tu, basi ni heri Wakurya waachiwe waje tu. Nyerere akasema kwamba basi anaruhusu nafasi 4,000 kwa mkoa wa Mara. Hii imeandikwa kwenye vitabu na waandishi wasiokuwa Watanzania.

8. Wazee wa mkoa wa Mara walikerwa mno na uamuzi wa Nyerere wa kuweka ukomo mwingine wa 4,000 na wakaamua kwamba dawa ni rahisi sana, kwamba vijana wao waende kwenye mikoa ambayo ilikuwa imeshindwa kufikisha idadi ya 2,000 ya awali. Huu si utani. Kaka yangu alikwenda Morogoro. Baba yangu mkubwa alikwenda Moshi na ndugu yangu mwingine alikwenda Usukumani na wote wakaenda vitani na wakarejea kwa ushindi na furaha. Wote wapo hai hadi leo na kaka yangu huyu aliingia Magereza baadaye. Kwa kifupi, Nyerere aliwabana Wakurya wasiende vitani kwa wingi kama walivyotaka. Mjomba wangu Nyaronyo Kicheere alipata medani ya vita pia kwa kujitolea kwenda vitani akitokea JKT - yumo humu ukumbini muulizeni.


9. Mimi binafsi, wakati ninamaliza kidato cha sita na huku nikiwa nimefaulu, uamuzi wangu ulikuwa kwenda JWTZ kwanza na mambo mengine yafuate baadaye. Kama si wazee wangu kunikatalia, leo hii ningekuwa kwenye magwanda. Naomba Kivuyo na LKK mniambie, mimi niliyezaliwa mjini, nikakulia Dar es Salaam, simjui Nyerere wala hanijui, ninahusika vipi na Nyerere wakati aliacha urais nikiwa sijafika miaka 18? Nyerere ametoka kwenye urais mwaka 1985 lakini miaka 27 baadaye bado Wakurya wamejaa jeshini ingawa wananyanyaswa kutokana na maneno ya kipuuzi kama haya, je, Nyerere anahusika vipi na kuwepo kwao? Mkurya wa miaka 20 leo, aliyeko jeshini, anahusika vipi na Nyerere? Kwa ufupi ni hivi ........... Wakurya tunalipenda jeshi, basi! Nenda hata Kenya utawakuta jeshini, mpaka hapa Marekani wamo jeshini. Je, Nyerere aliitawala Kenya na Marekani?

10. Pili, kutokana na maendeleo kuwa nyuma sana mkoani Mara, sehemu pekee ya ajira ilikuwa jeshini kwa miaka mingi hadi walipoanza kuchimba dhahabu kwa wingi kule Nyamongo, na kuuza ng'ombe kwa magendo nchini Kenya. Wilaya ya Tarime, wakati ule wa Nyerere, ilikuwa kama sehemu ya Kenya kwani magharibi ilizibwa na Ziwa Viktoria, kusini na mbuga ya Serengeti, na kuja Mwanza kulikuwa na mto usiokuwa na daraja (Mwinyi alilijenga baadaye), kule mashariki na kaskazini ilikuwa nchi ya Kenya. Nyerere hakutaka hata kufanya ziara tu, achilia mbali kujenga walau shule moja. Hivyo, jeshi likawa kama kimbilio la ajira lakini hii ikiwa ni baada ya kuangalia kwanza hulka na silka ya Wakurya kwenye masuala ya kupigana/jeshi/ushujaa, n.k.

Ndugu zanguni Kivuyo na LKK, siwalaumu kwa kudhani hivyo kwa kuwa haya maneno yako hivyo lakini kama nilivyosema, ndivyo Waafrika tulivyo. Ushahidi uliopo ni kwamba Nyerere hakuelewana na Wakurya hata mara moja na aliwabana wasiingie jeshini lakini akafika mahali akashindwa. Ushahidi ni wa kutosha na mkitaka nitawapa kwenye barua pepe zenu binafsi kwa kuwa hapa si vema kuyataja majina ya watu bila vibali vyao.

Wakurya tuna vitu vitano tunavyovipenda sana: Kupigana, familia, ng'ombe, ukweli na utaifa. Ni fahari kubwa kwa mkurya kuingia jeshini, fahari kubwa mno; wanangu madume wote wawili, mmoja miaka 9 na mwingine 6, wako hapa Marekani lakini wanapenda kuvaa nguo za jeshi na kucheza na matoi ya vifaru, ndege za jeshi, n.k.

Jeshi liko damuni kwa Wakurya!


Sunday, December 9, 2012

Public Seminar at UDSM on Tuesday 11/12/2012

Friday, December 7, 2012


Full Name:

Selected Text:

Linked Profile:


Full Name:

Linked Profile:

Mapping the Future of Water in Dar es Salaam ?

Ripoti Maalum Yafuta Vumbi la Kabrasha la Utafiti

Mdadisi ameguswa sana na ripoti maalum ya mwandishi wa habari, Daniel Mbega, ambaye ameifuta vumbi ripoti ya utafiti kuhusu migogoro ya yaliyokuwa mashamba ya NAFCO. Japokuwa kabrasha hilo limeandikwa kwa Kiingereza, mwandishi-mchunguzi huyu amefikisha ujumbe wake kwa Kiswahili tena kwa namna inayoweza kueleweka kirahisi. Fuatilia mfululizo wa uchambuzi wake katika viunganishi vifuatavyo:

"Wanaeleza katika ripoti yao ya The state of Nafco farms (Hali ya mashamba ya Nafco), kwamba, uuzaji wa Shamba la Nafco Kapunga ulikwenda sambamba na uuzaji wa Shamba la Mbarali ambalo tangu mwaka 1977 Nafco ilipolichukua kwa Wachina lilitambulika kuwa na ukubwa wa hekta 5,575, lakini lilipouzwa ikaelezwa kwamba lina ukubwa wa hekta 5,842, ikiwa ni ongezeko la hekta 267 ambazo hazijulikani zilikotokea" - Daniel Mbega

Wednesday, December 5, 2012

Kutangaza Washindi/Awarding Ceremony - 7/12/2012

Dear friends and colleagues,

Soma has organized the first round of an annual short story competition for secondary school students which is reaching its peak on Friday, 7th December, 2012. Currently the top ten contestants are undergoing a five days skills development training at CEFA which culminates in the graduation combined with awarding ceremony on the said date, to be held at Soma Book Cafe from 5 pm to 7pm. It will be an honour and pleasure for Soma and the participating students if you would grace us with your presence. Kindly forgive our delayed notice.... we were simply overwhelmed with the organizing given our constrained human resource capacity. Please see the invitation template below for details and program.

With by best regards,


Tuesday, December 4, 2012

Counterfactuals101: Tanzania and China

"The Chinese have managed to perfect that system and there are no signs of change. It’s a pity that we Tanzanians wasted almost three decades trying to build the same kind of system but failed ending up adopting the Western model of democracy which now seems to be a big headache with the prospects of troubles ahead. I think the secret of the success of the Chinese system lies in their indigenous political culture unlike most African countries which have simply duplicated foreign political systems" - Mobhare Matinyi on 'Here comes the new Chinese leadership'

Monday, December 3, 2012

Mbona Wanafunzi Wanafeli Kiswahili Pia?

Narudia tena kusema kwamba mpaka sasa hivi hakuna ushahidi wa kisayansi unaoonyesha kwamba kushuka kwa elimu yetu, kunakoonekana zaidi kutokana na wahitimu wengi kufeli mitihani ya mwisho, kunatokana na matumizi ya lugha ya Kiingereza katika elimu. Ingekuwa tatizo ni lugha ya Kiingereza, wahitimu wa shule za msingi wangekuwa wanafanya vizuri kwa sababu lugha inayotumika huko ni Kiswahili. Lakini sivyo hali ilivyo. Ngoja niwape mfano. Matokeo ya mwaka jana (2011) asilimia 43 ya wahitimu wa elimu ya msingi (darasa la saba au LY) walifeli (sifuri). Katika mwaka huo wa 2011 asilimia 46 ya wahitimu wa elimu ya sekondari (Kidato cha Nne) walifeli (division 0), ambayo kitakwimu haina tofauti na hiyo ya elimu ya msingi. Na hali ipo hivyo hivyo katika miaka mingine. Sasa naombeni mnieleze kama tatizo ni Kiingereza kwa nini darasa la saba wanafeli kiasi hicho wakati wanatumia lugha yetu pendwa ya Kiswahili? Ndio ninarudia kusema kwamba tatizo la elimu yetu ni kubwa mno na ni urahisishaji wa mambo kukitupia lawama Kiingereza. Sababu kubwa inayotolewa mara kwa mara ya kutaka tuachane na Kiingereza ni kwa sababu watu wengi hawakimudu-wanafunzi kwa walimu. Hii ni sababu dhaifu kwa sababu inatoa taswira kwamba sisi watanzania hatufundishiki lugha hii, kitu ambacho sio kweli. Watu wengi hawakimudu kwa sababu hatujawekeza katika kuhakikisha kwamba tunajifunza lugha hizi mbili vizuri. Ndivyo itakavyokuwa kwa Kiswahili. Watu wanadhani itakuwa rahisi na mteremko tukianza kutumia Kiswahili. Ukweli ni kwamba tusipowekeza kujifunza Kiswahili cha kitaaluma tutajikuta tunayazunguka matatizo yetu badala ya kuyatatua. Tunahitaji kuwa makini sana, na kupunguza uanaharakati katika jambo kubwa kama hili la elimu na lugha. 

Kwanza tukubaliane kuanguka kwa kishindo kwa elimu Tanzania (msingi na sekondari) kuna sababu nyingi ambazo ziko kwenye mipango mibovu na ya ubabaishaji iliyo kwenye sekta hiyo na siyo lugha pekee. Msingi kuna sababu zake na sekondari kuna sababu zake. Hata kama interventions zitawekwa haziwezi kuwa similar. These levels are beyond compare, huku ni watoto ambao ndiyo wanajifunza both lugha na facts za masomo, na huku watoto ni more matured ambao wanatakiwa kujua zaidi vile walivyojifunza. Hivyo si sahihi kusema kwamba kama sababu ni lugha ya kiingereza basi msingi wangefaulu zaidi kwa sababu wanatumia kiswahili. Huyu mtoto ambaye ametoka msingi ambako anafundishwa kwa kutumia lugha yake akaingia sekondari na kufundishwa kwa kiingereza kisicho sahihi anapata nini kama ile medium of communication ni poor na pia yeye hana msingi mzuri wa lugha hiyo? Sanasana tunafundisha watoto kiingereza kibovu kisichokubalika popote na contents (facts za masomo) hawazipati, that is my hypothesis. Kama tunataka kutumia kiingereza, tunahitaji maandalizi ya muda ambayo ni pamoja na walimu watakaowaandaa watoto vizuri msingi ili waweza kufundishwa kwa kiingereza sekondari na vyuoni, kitu ambacho kwa sasa hatuna. Kwa hili naweza kusema kwa sekondari kufeli kunachangiwa kwa kiasi kikubwa na lugha (among other reasons). Kiswahili kiendelee kutumiwa up until tutakuwa tumejenga msingi mzuri wa kufundishia kiingereza, tusiparamie tu kufundisha watoto kiingereza sasa hivi.

Je, kufaulu kwa wanafunzi katika mitihani ni kipimo cha elimu bora? Hoja ni kueneza maarifa kwa binadamu, maarifa hayo yakamkomboe katika maisha yake na ya jamii inayomzunguka. Kiingereza, imetajwa, ni moja ya vikwazo vinavyowanyima wanafunzi wetu maarifa. Hili halihitaji tafiti za kisayansi, hata kama zipo na zinafanyika. Kwa bahati nzuri wewe [Kitila] ni mwalimu wa Chuo Kikuu, unaweza kutumegea uzoefu wako uwapo darasani. Nakumbuka nikiwa mwaka wa pili, Prof. Mukandala, ambaye ni makamu mkuu wa Chuo, alikuwa akitufundisha somo liitwalo Utawala wa Umma (au kwa ‘kitaalamu’ Public Administration). Kila akianza kuzungumza wanafunzi wanajikunyata, wanakosa raha. Profesa naye, mwalimu kweli kweli. Anajua tatizo la wanafunzi wake, hataki awanyime maarifa. Anatwanga Kiswahili. Wanafunzi wanatabasamu na kushangilia: Tumeelewa! Nikiwa mwanafunzi, niliwahi kumtafuta bila mafanikio [kutokana na urasimu wa ofisi zetu za umma] ili nimtake aanzishe mchakato wa kubadili lugha ya kufundishia CKD. Sikutegemea kuwa angefanya hivyo lakini labda angesaidia katika kuibua mjadala.

Kutokimudu Kiingereza/ lugha nyingine yoyote ile inachangiwa sana na ubora wa mfundishaji, kama mwanafunzi yupo vizuri kiakili na vifaa vya kufundishia vipo. Hiyo kauli ya kutofundishika...inashusha hadhi ya mtanzania chini ya mnyama/paka maana hata yeye ukimfundisha with time ataelewa mahali pake pa kulala, n.k (sidhani kama hii ni hoja ya wanaounga mkono kiswahili, au yamkini imeeleweka visivyo...Kiswahili ni lugha inayoeleweka kwa walimu na wanafunzi wengi Tz, na hutumika sana ktk mazingira na shughuli zetu za kawaida hivyo inakidhi vigezo vya kuwa lugha ya kufundishia...Pamoja na hiyo, hakuna aliyepinga kwamba lazima kiswahili kiboreshwe au tujifunze kiswahili fasaha...sababu ukweli ni kwamba lugha kwa kuongea kawaida haina masharti mengi ila katika nyanja ya utaalam...kuna kanuni zake, misamiati yake na uandishi wake. Hivyo maandalizi bora yakifanywa na tukianza kukitumia Kiswahili hayo ya lugha na ufasaha 
wake yatakuwa hayaepukiki.



Karibu kwenye ulingo wa kutafakari kuhusu tunapotoka,tulipo,tuendako na namna ambavyo tutafika huko tuendako/Welcome to a platform for reflecting on where we are coming from, where we are, where we are going and how we will get there

  © Blogger templates 'Neuronic' by 2008

Back to TOP