Thursday, December 5, 2013

Explanations as Excuses

Explanations as Excuses

Chambi Chachage

Could it be that we fail more when we explain why we have been failing? What if all our analytical explanations amounts to apologetic excuses? Does explaining helps?

Let me explain by way of anecdote. I have been trying to learn how to swim on and off since I was 7 years old. This time around a very good friend of mine invited me for swimming lessons. As usual, I started explaining my limitations to the trainer: Sir, you know what, my left leg is slow – I broke it when I was a kid and it’s a bit shorter!

Surprisingly, he did not even pay attention to my explanation-cum-excuse. Little did I know then that my friend had thus told him beforehand: “I am bringing a new student today, he will give you a lot of reasons why he can’t do this or that, just don’t listen!”

It may just be a personal story but maybe it also applies to the public realm. Here I am talking about the reasonable explanations that we give about why our country is stuck in poverty. Yes, there was colonialism. For sure there is neoliberalism. But what if our analyses of these constraints, among other valid reasons, are tantamount to excuses?

My interest is by no means to excuse the negative effects of structural constraints to our progress as a people. As an analyst I am not interested in seeing us turn into what Mahmood Mamdani critiques as those activists whose focus is “to act before seeking to understand.”[1] But the activist in me would not like to be stuck in the other extreme.

The need to analyze, explain and thus know more about our concrete condition before we bring about social change should not turn into another exercise in excusing. In this regard activists that Mamdani critiques were right when recalling the Rwanda of 1994 as a time when we waited to find out, “when we thought we needed to know more” but, “it was too late”, as needing “to know turned into an excuse for doing nothing.”

A balance is needed if we are not to fall into the trap of feeling “we need to know no more in order to act” especially when what we (think we) know is “not enough to call for action.” This brings me back to the personal anecdote on my swimming classes.

There is no doubt that I knew enough about my conditions prior to the lessons. I have explained them so many times – in the soccer pitch where I can hardly exercise in unison with my fellow players; in the dance floor where I miss the steps more often than not; in wedding marching where my left leg goes up when others’ legs go down.

What I need to do is quit using that explanation – and many others that range from having hearing difficulties to having a bad posture – as an excuse. By the way, I am already overdoing it here – excusing myself by explaining! All I need now is to act.

The same logic can be extended to the society as a whole, especially one that Eckhart Tolle refers to, psychoanalytically, as having “national and racial pain-bodies.”[2] They already know enough about why they are on the ‘periphery’ and our analysts are still busy studying them to know more about that ‘great divergence.’ Perhaps the matter of more urgency now is to indeed prioritize doing over knowing as we know so much.

For quite some time now I have been wondering why Ben Carson tends not to dwell on explaining the structural limitations that makes it hard to succeed like him. Why, I pondered, does he think anybody can rise above any condition just because he did?

Here is a sample of such seemingly Carsonian ‘pep talks’: “It doesnt matter if you come from the inner city. People who fail in life are people who find lots of excuses. It’s never too late for a person to recognize that they have potential in themselves”; “So after a while, if people wont accept your excuses, you stop looking for them.”[3]

Now I am starting to make sense of Carson’s emphasis. We cannot simply explain our structural limitations away. But we can seriously expand our capacity to change them.

For sure, as Barack Obama correctly noted in his touching “statement about Trayvon Martin”, it can be frustrating when context is being denied.[4] But, again, that does not mean societies and individuals that are ‘marginalized’ have to spend all the days of their lives explaining and explaining why they are where they are in the first place.

As one analyst once concluded: “The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways; the point is to change it.”[5] To that I would add: We have explained our situation away, in various excusable ways; the point is to change it. Let’s just act now.

[1] Mahmood Mamdani (2009). Saviors and Survivors: Darfur, Politics, and the War on Terror. <>
[2] Eckhart Tolle (2005). A New Earth: Awakening to Your Life’s Purpose. < >


creation December 23, 2013 at 6:54 PM  

Many thanks for making the truthful effort to explain this. I feel very strong about it and would like to read more. If you
can, as you find out more in depth knowledge, would you mind posting more posts similar to this one with more information.
Qassim University

Majaliwa December 28, 2013 at 9:23 AM  

Chambi, this is a good start, thank you. I wonder though how it fits with your worldview which appears to me to always start from the point of excuses first for our poverty? If you "come out" and clearly define where you are at now by expanding on your new insights it will help this great country of ours which has intellectually been stuck on the rhetoric of the 1960s until now. Like Obama, as an Harvard graduate you have been privileged to access one of this worlds best learning institutions - not many Tanzanians can claim that kwahiyo tusaidie kwa udadisi wako! As an intellectual you have the capacity to bron a paradigm change in our reasoning around these issues: from being victims explaining away with excuses to those who know enough to act. Mungu ibariki Tanzania, Mungu ibariki Afrika. Mungu akubariki wewe kaka yangu.

Karibu kwenye ulingo wa kutafakari kuhusu tunapotoka,tulipo,tuendako na namna ambavyo tutafika huko tuendako/Welcome to a platform for reflecting on where we are coming from, where we are, where we are going and how we will get there

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