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Wednesday, February 26, 2014

Mwalimu Nyerere: Serikali Nne/Four Governments

"Labda ni vizuri kukumbuka kwamba shabaha ya baadhi yetu ilikuwa ni kuziunganisha nchi za Afrika Mashariki ziwe Nchi Moja. Na wakati Zanzibar na Tanganyika zinaungana, Kenya, Uganda na Tanganyika zilikuwa katika mazungumzo ya kutafuta uwezekano wa kuungana. Kama jambo hilo lingetokea, nina hakika kabisa kwamba mfumo wa nchi mpya ambayo ingezaliwa ungekuwa ni wa Shirikisho: ama Shirikisho la Nchi Tatu zenye Serikali Nne, au Shirikisho la Nchi Nne zenye Serikali Tano. Kwa kweli hata kesho Nchi za Afrika Mashariki zikiamua kuungana, na Tanzania ikawa ni mshiriki, naamini kuwa ni rahisi zaidi kushirikisha Tanzania yenye Serikali mbili - ya Zanzibar na ya Tanganyika - kuliko Tanzania yenye Serikali mbili, ya Tanzania na Zanzibar. Wapendao Utanganyika watakuwa wazalendo zaidi, badala ya kuwa wasaliti, wakiazimia Afrika ya Mashariki iliyoungana kuwa Nchi Moja, kuliko Tanzania iliyotengana ikawa nchi mbili" - Julius K. Nyerere's (1995: 16-17) Uongozi Wetu Na Hatima ya Tanzania.
"Perhaps we should remember that the ultimate aim for some of us was to unite the countries of East Africa into One Country. And when Tanganyika and Zanzibar united, Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika were still discussing the possibility of uniting together. If they had succeeded, I am quite sure that the new country thus created would have been a Federation; either a Federation of Three Countries with Four Governments, or Five Countries with Five Governments. In fact, if tomorrow the East African countries, including Tanzania, decided to unite, I believe it would be easier to incorporate a Tanzania with Two Governments - one of Tanganyika and another of Zanzibar - than a Tanzania with Two Governments, one of Zanzibar and another of Tanzania. Advocates of Tanganyika would be greater patriots, rather than traitors, if they called for a united East Africa with One Country, instead of a Tanzania which had been divided and had become two countries" - Julius K. Nyerere's (1995: 35-36) Our Leadership and the Destiny of Tanzania.

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